Glucose is a monosaccharide sugar that our body obtains from food and uses it as the main source of energy and the initial substrate for many vital processes.

In addition to obtaining glucose from the diet, our liver and kidneys are capable of producing glucose through a process called gluconeogenesis and, in particular, our liver and muscles can release glucose from glycogen stores through glycogenolysis.

Plasma glucose can be measured in several different ways, and its measurement is very important for the detection, diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes and metabolic dysregulation present in conditions such as metabolic syndrome.